NEW DELHI, Jan 23: Chinese activities and influence in India’s extended neighbourhood have grown increasingly with
the sole purpose of keeping New Delhi constrained and occupied in facing the resultant challenges, according to
papers submitted at a key security meet here. The papers presented by Indian Police Service officers at the just
concluded conference of DGPs and IGPs submit that by providing huge amounts of money in the name of loans for
developmental works in Southeast and South Asia, China wants to reduce India’s influence in the Indian Ocean
region and force resolution of bilateral issues on Beijing’s terms.
The three-day annual conference was attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Union Home Minister Amit Shah,
National Security Adviser Ajit Doval and about 350 top police officers of the country.
China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), infrastructure related investments in
India’s neighbouring countries through easy loans, hot borders and Line of Actual Control (LAC) are some of the tools
Beijing has been using effectively, the papers say.
The last two-and-a-half-decades have seen Chinese economic and military growth at a massive scale and Chinese
activities and influence in India’s extended neighbourhood have grown proportionately, they find.
“All this is being done with the aim to keep India constrained and occupied in facing the resultant challenges, force
resolution of bilateral issues on its own terms, modulate India’s growth story, leaving it (China) free to achieve its
aim of becoming not only Asia’s pre-eminent power, but a global superpower,” according to the papers.
The papers on the subject “Chinese influence in the neighbourhood and implications for India” were written by some
top IPS officers of the country.
China has become far more attentive to its South Asian periphery, moving beyond commercial and development
engagements to more far-reaching political and security ones, according to one of the papers.
China is investing huge amounts of money in the neighbouring countries of India mainly Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh,
Myanmar and Sri Lanka in the name of infrastructure development and other financial assistance, it said.
Without exception, India’s neighbouring countries have described China as a crucial development partner, either as
a funder or in providing technological and logistical support. Additionally, it is the biggest trading partner in goods
for Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, and the second-largest for Nepal and the Maldives, it said.
“However, the economic element is increasingly intertwined with political, government, and people-to-people
aspects of these relationships,” it said.
The COVID-19 pandemic has created opportunities for China to work directly with these countries in new ways such
as the provision of medical equipment, biomedical expertise, and capital for coronavirus-related needs, it said.
These developments demonstrate that China’s presence in Southeast and South Asia is no longer predominantly
economic but involves a greater, multidimensional effort to enhance its posture and further its long-term strategic
interests in the region, the paper said.