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    Mosquito-Borne Oropouche Fever Cases on the Rise Across Eastern India

    A Deadly Mosquito-Borne Disease Spreads Across Eastern

    A new viral infection is causing concern among officials in several states across Eastern India. Cases of Oropouche fever, a mosquito-borne illness, have been on the rise over the past few months. While the disease often causes mild illness, it can sometimes lead to severe complications or even prove fatal.

    Oropouche fever, also known as Oropouche virus infection, is spread by biting mosquitoes that feed primarily on birds. The virus was first identified in 1955 during an outbreak in the city of Oropouche in Brazil. It is now established in parts of Central and South America as well as in Asia. India has reported recurrent outbreaks of the disease since 1955, with West Bengal and Assam being the most affected states.

    Symptoms of Oropouche fever usually appear 3 to 14 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Common signs include sudden high fever, headaches, joint and muscle pain. Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain are also quite common. In some cases, symptoms may be very mild or resemble other viral fevers such as dengue. However, in about 10% of cases the infection can become severe, leading to complications of the brain, heart and lungs. Elderly patients and those with weaker immunity are at higher risk.

    With mosquito activity peaking during and after the monsoon season, health officials are urging people to take precautions. All suspect cases need to be reported and tested in order to monitor the spread of the virus. There is no vaccination for Oropouche fever yet. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and addressing any complications. With rising temperatures due to climate change extending mosquito habitats, experts fear this disease could spread to new areas in the future if not kept in check. Preventing mosquito bites through use of repellents and protective clothing is important.

    The Northlines is an independent source on the Web for news, facts and figures relating to Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh and its neighbourhood.

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