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TechnologyWebb Telescope Uncovers Earliest Known Black Hole Collision in Early Universe

Webb Telescope Uncovers Earliest Known Black Hole Collision in Early Universe


Webb Telescope Uncovers Earliest Black Hole Collision in the Universe

In a fascinating discovery, the James Webb Space Telescope has observed what could be the earliest-known collision between two supermassive black holes, dating back over 13 billion years to a time just 740 million years after the Big Bang. This monumental finding provides unprecedented insights into the formation and growth of gigantic black holes in the early universe.

The collision occurred within a galaxy cluster designated as ZS7, located approximately 13.45 billion light years from Earth. Initial analyses reveal one black hole has a mass estimated at 50 million times that of our Sun, while the second is believed to be similarly massive. Astronomers were able to deduce the existence of this black hole duo through detecting the telltale signs of dense gas swirling around them at extraordinarily fast speeds.

Further observations using Webb's high-precision instruments detected not only ionized hydrogen but also doubly ionized oxygen being emitted from the merging galaxies – clear evidence of huge amounts of energy being released during the collision. The radiation emitted is thought to have origins in the energetic accretion episodes that accompany black hole mergers of this magnitude.

This discovery poses fascinating questions about how such enormously sized black holes were able to form so quickly after the Big Bang. It is believed that such mergers play a key role in the rapid growth of supermassive black holes even in the early universe. At the frontier of what is observable, this finding from Webb underscores its immense capabilities to expand our comprehension of cosmic dawn.

The Northlines is an independent source on the Web for news, facts and figures relating to Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh and its neighbourhood.

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